Only Go For Carbon Steel Swords!
For swords to actually be durable and functional pieces, these should at least be adequately tempered high carbon steel swords, you can see here are very interesting carbon steel sword comparison. It is a common term but not everyone really knows what it means. Sword manufacturers commonly utilize the American Society of Automotive Engineers scale while the most utilized type of steel to create functional swords is the regular carbon steel. This type of steel is designated by the first two digits 10, as well as a number from 01 – 99; with each point indicating that .01 percent of the steel is comprised of carbon.
Steel that has a carbon content of 0.05 – 0.15 are categorized as low carbon steel, while those that have 0.16 – 0.29 carbon content are called mild steel. Both of these are said to be unsuitable for creating functional swords since any blade that has a carbon content that is lower than .40% cannot be hardened or given proper heat treatment. Although this is the case, mild steel can still be used for sword parts such as the tosogu (fittings).
Carbon Steel VS Stainless Steel
When it comes to swords, only choose carbon steel, as stainless steel can be very brittle when done with a long blade, it will not stand complete when hitting the target, and can be extremely dangerous to the surrounding. when purchasing a sword, you should only go for carbon steel or other known metals that are good for making swords. stainless steel is excellent for knives, but when it comes to swords, it’s just not good enough.
Types of Carbon Steel
For the best carbon steel swords, the most popular and commonly used types of carbon steel for blades are the 1045, 1060, as well as the 1095 carbon steel where 1045 steel is considered to be the most inexpensive type.
1045 Carbon Steel
1045 carbon steel swords are somewhat cost-efficient to produce since these are generally soft and easy to create either by pressing, hand forging, or machine milling. Aside from this, the steel can also be easily hardened which makes it the minimum acceptable type of steel to create a functional sword.
If tempered correctly, the carbon steel swords can be extremely strong, so when looking at a sword that costs under $100 and claims to be high carbon steel, this is most probably made from 1045 steel that has been machine milled based on its price.
1060 CARBON STEEL
1060 Carbon Steel is an excellent compromise between stability and pliability which is why a lot of carbon steel swords have become popular for their durability because of the type of steel used. Generally, the 1060 made carbon steel swords are highly popular since these are much harder compared to 1045 steel; although this is the case, 1060 steel is more challenging to forge, polish, and shape which is why swords made out of this type of steel usually have the higher price tag.
1095 CARBON STEEL
Compared to the previously mentioned types of steel, the 1095 carbon steel is extremely hard, and unless this has been properly heat treated, the hardness can be quite a problem in certain instances. One of the main advantages of the 1095 carbon steel swords is that the weapons can keep a more acute and precise edge compared to swords that have a lower content of carbon; however, its disadvantage is that the swords can often be categorized under the brittle side which only means that the sword’s durability is usually traded off for the retention of a 1095 sword’s edge. Although this may be the case, swords created out of 1095 steel are not necessarily extremely fragile, yet these are not as tough compared to swords made from steel with much lower carbon content.
Advantages of Carbon Steel Swords
Listed below are the numerous advantages of having carbon steel swords:
The sharpness of high carbon steel swords is generally no match for other types of blades; so with skill and good amount of time, one can acquire a steel blade that is no match to the weapon’s symmetry.
Since these are much harder, the carbon steel swords also tend to have edge retention which allows the weapon to hold their sharpened edges much longer.
High carbon steel blades offer better hardness compared to stainless steel, making these more dependable when it comes to precision cuts.