The Longsword – Favourite Weapon For Centuries
The longsword or Bastard sword was also referred to as the Hand and a Half swords during a later period in history, and it was given this specific name (longsword) due to its long handle that allowed the wielder to grip the weapon with both hands. The elements of the longsword such as its outstanding reach and its excellent thrusting and cutting abilities made the blade a highly popular piece among warriors on the battlefield.
This specific sword was widely utilized by the medieval knight, and it was a prevalent piece during the late medieval period and the Renaissance Era – specifically around the years 1350 to 1550. It was also greatly utilized during the early thirteenth century until the late seventeenth century.
Elements of the Longsword
Listed below are the most notable elements of the longsword:
- The Longsword features a double-edged blade as well as an adequately long handle to accommodate two hands when gripping the weapon.
- The total length of the sword measured around forty to forty-eight inches long, with a handle that measured about ten to fifteen inches in addition.
- As for the weight, the longsword weighed around five to eight pounds in total.
- It was first used as a close contact weapon that was necessary for executing massive blows.
- Generally, the longsword was utilized for slicing or cutting, plus it was also capable of chopping off the enemy’s limbs or head in a single stroke.
- It is categorized as a cutting weapon.
Evolution of the Longsword
The longsword is not really characterized by its long blade but by its longer grip – this indicating that the weapon is designed specifically for double-handed wielding. Swords featuring exceptionally long hilts are said to have been found throughout the period of the Middle Ages but despite this, the longsword still remain to be a rare piece that were not really identifiable until the late thirteenth or the early fourteenth century.
The longsword remained as a weapon used for battle by wielders who wore full plate armor either on horseback or foot, and this went on throughout the late medieval era; in the fifteenth century, the longsword was eventually utilized even by mercenaries and unarmored soldiers.
Also during the fourteenth century, the utilization of the double-handed great sword was said to have originated with the Swiss, then by the sixteenth century, its use as a military weapon was mostly gone since this was the period when the German Landsknechte wielded the huge Zweihander for battle. As for the distinct weapon, the bastard sword, the hilted types were eventually produced during the very first half of the sixteenth century.
Advantages of the Longsword
The long sword may not really be that advantageous when it comes to the swiftness and swinging power that is usual for curved blades but there are numerous advantages of the longsword that has become useful on the battlefield.
- One of the notable elements of the longsword is that it has a much longer reach and excellent thrusting abilities which is said to be much more difficult to defend against.
- It has the capabilities of inflicting fatal wounds at a distance and is much faster compared to some other swords. This is due to the geometry of the blade since it is straight – meaning, its thrusts hit faster and has a more deceiving effect compared to that of a curved blade.
- The longsword allows the wielder to easily penetrate heavy armor while also keeping them less exposed.
- Since the weapon is strong and fast, using both hands when wielding the sword for parries and cuts only creates stronger and solid attacks.
- The sword is known to be easy to maneuver and is agile, allowing the wielder to execute quick attacks or to seek openings.