Popular Types of Swords Throughout History
Throughout history, different types of swords have been utilized by warriors who charged and fought on the battlefield. Generally speaking, a sword is referred to as a bladed weapon created specifically for thrusting or slashing since it was made longer than a dagger or knife.
However, the accurate definition of this term generally varies with its geographical region or historical period. A sword is primarily made up of a long blade that is fixed to a hilt and its blade could either be curved or straight. Swords that were made specifically for thrusting featured a blade with a pointed tip and these tended to be straighter compared to that of the slashing swords; as for these types of weapons, the blades of the slashing swords featured sharpened cutting edges on both of its sides. These are commonly curved for more efficiency.
There are numerous types of swords designed and fashioned for both slashing and thrusting, and listed below are the different types of swords available:
Medieval European Swords
The medieval sword was considered as the primary types of swords that were utilized by the knights and these – including the medieval armor – developed and evolved with new ideas, as well as technology. Right at the beginning of the period, the double-edged slashing swords were utilized for battle, but as time passed, it improved and turned into a much better, durable, diamond-shaped sword that could readily be thrust between the rings of a chain mail with ease.
The medieval sword was featured in different styles and types, and this also goes for the armor that was utilized on the battlefield. The numerous types of swords that were present in the medieval era included blades such as the falchion swords, broadsword, long swords, bastard swords, scimitar, batons, and the great swords.
A nihonto is among the numerous types of swords that have been produced as early as the Kofun era. Generally, the samurai swords refer to weapons with arched blades that were created right after the Heian period. There is a large number of Japanese blades that differ in shape, size, method of production, and field of application; some of the more known or popular nihonto includes the katana, tachi, odachi, and the wakizashi.
Numerous African cultures have created their own styles and types of swords to utilize for numerous purposes; though a lot of the non-Arabic designs and concepts were typically the straight, double-edged longswords. Some of the most well-known African blades included the Flyssa, Nimcha, Kaskara, and the Takouba.
The types of swords of the Chinese also have a long history just like China; and during the prehistoric times, stone swords were utilized for various activities. A few records claim that bronze swords were traced back to classic bronze daggers that came from the Western Zhou era, yet these were not primarily utilized until the Eastern Zhou period. throughout history of China, there has been many different sword designs, and many of the countries around inspired their swords from the Chinese. some of the famous swords is the Chinese war sword, you can see it here.
Southeast Asian Swords
Knives and swords that were acquired in Southeast Asia were mostly influenced by the different types of swords from the Chinese, Indian, European and Middle Eastern. The generic term for a knife or sword wielded by a variety of ethnic groups was called the Dha and this is actually a Burmese word that translates to blade; its corresponding word in Thai would be darb or daab.
West and Central Asian Swords
The whole Islamic world from the sixteenth to the eighteenth century was influenced by the types of swords such as the scimitar or saif – the curved and single-edged blades. The Turks from Central Asia began utilizing cavalry swords right at the start of the late Hsiung Nu era, and the earliest forms of the single-edged and curved Turkish blades could be linked to the Kok Turk and Hsiung Nu empires. These types of swords were created out of high carbon crucible and pattern-welded steel together with slightly arched blades with a single sharpened edge.